What is 5G Internet?

5G Internet is the latest development vehicle for the mobile Internet. The term became popular with the advent of 3G but is actually used in 1G (the first cell phones) and 2G (signals on devices are no longer digital and analog).

Telecommunications was over a decade old when NASA worked with the private sector to develop this technology. Since then, several countries have begun to invest in research and infrastructure to provide 5G Internet. Including Korea, Japan, USA, UK, and Israel. China is catching up, and electronics giant Huawei has spearheaded investment and research in recent years.

To put it in other words, 5G, compared to 4G, uses a higher frequency range, which allows more devices to “coexist” using their data.

The speed is also considerably higher – we’ll see an example below.

However, its range is smaller, as the electromagnetic waves used are known as millimeters. This is one of the reasons for the need to install specific antennas, which makes the implementation of the technology more expensive.

But with this greater presence, coverage also tends to be greater. How many times have you been to a city or a place with a lot of people and your mobile internet wouldn’t work? With 5G, these occurrences should decrease.

So, in addition to the higher speed as a plus, the 5G internet will also work in more placesBy using the cloud much more, the presence of transmission cables will also significantly decrease. And all of this will bring incredible results.

The process will be faster, as well as the communication and operation of intelligent machines. According to the Global System for Mobile Communications organization, the technology could yield $565 billion in additional revenue by 2034.

Therefore, the race for 5G involves not only interested companies but also States and their strong government forces.

How does 5G internet work?

5G Internet: What It Is, Features and Coverage

As the mobile networks of previous generations, the 5G internet works through radio waves, but the main difference is that it has a much wider coverage spectrum than its predecessors.

Using the higher frequency bands of telephony to work, 5G can spread between 600MHz and 700MHz and between 26GHz and 42GHz.Despite having a greater capacity than 3G, 4G, and 4.5G technologies, 5G’s wavelength is shorter, meaning that it can be more easily blocked by physical barriers.

There are four ways to avoid this problem:

  • Develop antennas lower and closer to the ground to try to avoid these objects and ensure a wider coverage, making the signal reach a greater number of transmitters and receivers
  • Coupling 5G network antennas to existing antennas and thus adapting their operations to a parallel technology model supporting the new connection infrastructure
  • Install smaller low-range antennas to repeat signals from local devices and redirect them to a central station, as well as place the replicator antennas in larger areas to cover a perimeter of up to 250m
  • Use the 5G antennas’ intelligence mechanism to focus the radio signal , instead of sending its waves in different directions.

How fast is 5G?

Information about the download speed of the technology definitely doesn't make sense unless 5G is convenient enough to grab attention.

Several studies have shown that some 5th generation mobile broadband devices can reach speeds of up to 10 GB / s. For reference, 4G technology operates at 300 Mbps. Thus, support for this latter feature differs by 34 times.

The 4.5 Gb / s bandwidth that serves as a switch between the two models delivers speeds up to 1 GB / s. high, but still 10 times slower than 5G technology can achieve.

What is the impact of 5G internet on business?

5G Internet: What It Is, Features and Coverage

Now, imagine all that speed at the service of the business.

How quickly information will reach its recipients and how much data can be processed in alignment with Big Data. The stability of the connection and access to cloud content will be facilitated. Video calls without crashing or without any kind of delay will be a reality.

Furthermore, with greater coverage, more and more devices will be able to be connected to the internet, which means an increase in the use of IoT.

In practice, companies will control their devices remotely and in a much easier and smarter way. It will be possible, for example, to generate reports, report bottlenecks and systemic failures in real-time.

Anticipating problems and activating IT support quickly will also allow for damage to be minimized, after all, there will be almost no downtime until the solution arrives.

Other methods that tend to be enhanced are machine learning and artificial intelligenceWith the connection speed, it will be much faster to find patterns and identify the most diverse types of systemic problems.

Leave a Comment